Before discussing more about education, it is worth the meaning of education itself . Education in general means a way where aims and the habitual life of a group society from one generation to another generation. It is happen through experiences that can affect the way of people thinking, feeling or doing action. In the narrow sense it means education is a formal process that can transfer any kind of knowledge, skill, values, and habit from one generation to the next generation.
The education system is educational institutions where the teaching and learning process based on the curriculum that is created based on goals that school has set in a system. The school goals cover developing certain reasoning power about many questions, mastering research methods scientifically, processing intelligence and being agent of positive change.
In formal education curriculum is a set of teaching tools that contains subjects that is offered by the school or university. Curriculum is an idea which refers to experience and journey of a childhood behavior till adult . Curriculum is a prescriptive and based on syllabus which is more general and only to determine what topic should be understood or which level should be achieve through certain values that has been standardized.
About education also cover preschool education.
Preschool education refers to a school for children whose age are not old enough to enter primary education. Preschool education is important because it also teaches children about value of competition on school climate. Preschool education teach more to children about socialization, emotional maturity, sensor motor skills, and some academic basic knowledge’s, such as counting , literacy, and learn to write.
Primary education is children first formal education after preschool. The education length is 5-7 years , started from 5-7 years old, varies in different countries. Some countries assign children of minimum age 7 years old to enter primary school or less than that. Global data shows approximately 89% of primary school ages children has been registered in primary education and the percentage keep increasing. UNESCO with its program Education for All in 2015 targeting compulsory education throughout the world.
Secondary education is education for kids entering adolescence.The right limitation between primary education and secondary are varies between countries. In United states, Canada and Australia the primary education and secondary education often called as K- 12 education. In New Zealand it is called I-13. The aims of primary education is to give general knowledge as preparation to enter higher education or to give special skills as preparation for a profession. In secondary education that train skills into profession the curriculum is focused on a better preparation of practical work skills to become workers.
About education also cover alternatives education . The alternative education is known as a non traditional education. In general alternative education meaning all education form outside the traditional education (for all group of ages and education level). Education is not just education for those whose having problems ( teenage pregnancy with intellectual disability ), but also educational forms that is designed for general which use methods and alternative educational philosophies. Alternative education cover charter school, alternative school, independent school, homeschooling and autodidact ism.